skip to main content

Leading adult education through support for and the effective application of technology.

Key Terms

  • Andragogy: A practical and theoretical approach to adult education, where learners are autonomous and self-directed, and educators act as facilitators (Schultz, 2012).
  • Adult Education:
    • ABE/ASE: Adult Basic Education (zero through eighth grade) /Adult Secondary Education (ninth through twelfth grade)
    • AWE: Adult Workforce Education
    • CTE/VE: Career and Technical Education/Vocational Education
    • ELL/ESL: English Language Learner/English as a Second Language
    • GED: General Educational Development (high-school equivalency)
  • Adult Learner:
    • Adult learners: (1) Need to know the why, what, and how of learning, (2) Are autonomous and self-directed, (3) Use prior experiences as mental models and resources for learning, (4) Have a readiness to learn and seek life-related learning experiences, (5) Are contextual and problem-centered (rather than theoretical), (6) Have an intrinsic motivation to learn (Knowles et al., 2020).
  • Blended Learning: Learning experiences that utilize digital or online learning tools that are connected to face-to-face instruction (Murphy et al., 2017).
  • Digital Learning: Learning experiences that utilize digital tools for academic skill building, communication, productivity tools, and learning management systems (Johnston et al., 2015).
  • Distance Education: Learning experiences influenced by an educational organization (i.e., not private study) where the educator and learner are physically separated; educators and learners use digital tools and two-way communication; and there are opportunities for social interaction (Falowo, 2007).
  • Hybrid Learning: Learning experiences that utilize digital or online learning tools, but digital learning and face-to-face instruction are not connected (Murphy et al., 2017).
  • Nontraditional Learners: In higher education, learners who are 25+ years old, ELLs, returning to education after an extended period, or work full-time (Halpern & Tucker, 2015; Turner et al., 2018).
  • NRS: National Reporting System
  • WIOA: Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act

Scroll To Top

OTAN activities are funded by contract CN220124 from the Adult Education Office, in the Career & College Transition Division, California Department of Education, with funds provided through Federal P.L., 105-220, Section 223. However, OTAN content does not necessarily reflect the position of that department or the U.S. Department of Education.