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English (Second Language)

Title Date Abstract
Adolescent learners in adult ESL classes October, 2005 This brief explains some of the reasons why adolescents attend adult ESL classes and describes the characteristics of ad...
Adult education for limited English proficient adults 1999 This fact sheet gives the background, purpose, and services, of the federal program of adult education for limited Engli...
Adult English as a second language programs: an overview of policies, participants and practices 1996 This research report provides an overview of the issues central to federally supported adult ESL programs in the United ...
Adult ESL learner assessment: purposes and tools 1995 The digest looks at learner assessment in adult ESL programs. It describes commercially available tests and alternative...
Adult ESL literacy programs and practices, a report on a national research study; technical report, executive summary 1992 This is the executive summary of the technical report of the two year National English Literacy Demonstration Program fo...
Adult ESL literacy: findings from a national study 1993 This is a summary of findings of the two year National English Literacy Demonstration Program for Adults of LImited Engl...
Adult ESL teaching profession 1997 This Digest examines the emerging profession of teaching ESL to adults who live and work in the United States. It offer...
Alternative assessment and second language study: what and why? 1994 This digest looks at alternative assessment, authentic assessment, portfolio assessment, and the implications of their u...
Approaches to teaching literacy to LEP Adults 1989 Contains twelve references on the subject of approaches to teaching literacy to LEP adults.
Best practices in integrating technology into adult ESL instruction: a literature search 2002 The paper summarizes current and best practice in the integration of technology into English as a second language (ESL) ...
Brain research: implications for second language learning 2000 This digest discusses research on brain development and its implications for adult ESL teachers. References are included...
Bridges to academic writing [1990?] The curriculum addresses the need of adult LEP students who have completed the upper levels of a survival ESL program an...
Children's literature for adult ESL literacy 1992 The digest describes the successful uses of children's literature with adult ESL programs, including the new use in fami...
Collaboration in adult ESL and family literacy education 1994 The digest discusses learning disabilities and adult ESL learners and addresses assessment, instructional methods and te...
Content-based language instruction 1990 Eight annotated references on the subject of content-based language instruction.
Creating a professional workforce in adult ESL literacy 1994 This digest explores the issue of professionalism in adult ESL literacy. It describes the current conditions of the ESL...
Critical literacy for adult English language learners 1999 The digest examines what critical literacy means and why it is important to include in instruction for adult learning En...
Cross-cultural issues in adult ESL literacy classrooms 1993 This digest identifies some of the cultural factors that can influence learner and teacher behavior during classroom ESL...
Current concepts and terms in adult ESL 1998 The article presents a selection of terms and concepts in the field of teaching adult English as a second language (ESL)...
Current terms in adult ESL literacy 1993 This digest defines the following concepts and discusses their application to adult learning in ESL literacy program: w...
Dialogue journals: interactive writing to develop language and literacy 1993 A dialog journal is a written conversation in which a student and teacher communicate regularly. This digest explores t...
English language learning; diverse federal and state efforts to support adult English language learning could benefit from more coordination July 2009 This report details a GAO examination of the federal support for adult English language programs. GAO analyzed Census an...
English literacy and language minorities in the United States 2001 This report looks at adult residents of the U.S. who spoke another language as children. It explores the fluency and li...
ESL instruction for learning disabled adults 1994 The digest discusses learning disabilities and adult ESL learners and addresses assessment, instructional methods and te...
ESL instruction in adult education: findings from a national evaluation 1995 This Digest summarizes findings of the National Evaluation of Adult Education Programs (NEAEP) that are pertinent to Eng...
ESL open entry management tips 1994 This compilation of tips from ESL teachers and instructional assistants should be very useful to those embarking on an o...
ESOL best practices: exemplary programs that provide English to speakers of other languages September 19, 2006 This report is a compilation of ESL and EL Civics 'best practices' from programs across the United States, collected by ...
Grammar and its teaching: challenging the myths 1997 This digest challenges ten myths about grammar which lead communicative and proficiency-based teaching approaches to und...
Growing old in America: learning English literacy in the later years 1993 This digest argues that it is both feasible and appropriate to provide language and literacy instruction for older immig...
Guidelines for ELT programs 1988 The handbook summarizes the experience of leaders in language teaching in the United States. Included are needs assessm...
How should adult ESL reading instruction differ from ABE reading instruction? 2005 This brief examines the usefulness of suggestions for teaching reading to adult English speakers in relationship to Engl...
Improving adult English language learners' speaking skills 1999 This digest describes what speaking involves and what good speakers do in the process of expressing themselves. It also ...
Improving adult ESL learners' pronunciation skills 1998 This Digest reviews the current status of pronunciation instruction in adult ESL classes. It provides an overview of th...
Improving adult ESL learners' speaking skills 1999 This Digest describes what speaking involves and what good speakers do in the process of expressing themselves. It also...
Improving ESL learners' writing skills 1997 This Digest suggests general approaches to writing and specific activities that can make writing easier and more enjoyab...
Innovative programs and promising practices in adult ESL literacy 1993 The digest describes some of the promising practices in the ESL literacy field that were observed at the sites visited b...
Instructional impact on adults enrolled in English as a second language classes with respect to employment, excerpts 1989 Excerpts from an unpublished doctoral dissertation which studied the instructional impact on adults enrolled in English ...
Integrating reading and writing into adult ESL instruction 1993 The digest describes some of the major reading and writing practices currently in use in adult ESL programs.
Language and literacy education for Southeast Asian refugees 1993 This digest describes some of the efforts to meet the language and literacy education needs of Southeast Asian refugees ...
Less teaching and more learning 1999 Teacher of adult English as a second language describes how a change in techniques from traditional grammar-based curric...
Linguistic diversity in the United States: English Plus and official English 1993 The digest sketches the history in the United States of allowing its citizens linguistic and cultural freedom versus the...
Listening to students' voices: educational materials written by and for LEP adult literacy learners 1989 Across the United States, literacy and general education programs for adults learning English are discovering the power ...
Look at program components and innovative practices in adult ESL literacy 1990 The paper describes characteristics of ESL literacy programs, summarizes research into program strengths and innovative ...
Managing programs for adults learning English September 2009 This brief is written for program administrators to provide information and strategies that will promote their success w...
More than just the Internet: technology for language teaching 1997 This digest describes non-Internet technology tools which remain very useful aids for the language student and teacher. ...
Multiple intelligences: theory and practice in adult ESL 1999 This digest outlines the basic tenets of the theory of multiple intelligences (MI) and describes how it has been applied...
Myths about language diversity and literacy in the United States 1997 This Digest examines four myths which surround discussions of language diversity and literacy in the United States. Ref...
Needs assessment for adult ESL learners 1997 This Digest focuses on ways to determine what adult ESL learners want or believe they need to learn. Many of the activi...
Numeracy in the Adult ESL Classroom 1996 The digest examines numeracy for adults learning English as a second language (ESL) as well as for those who teach them....
Outreach and retention in adult ESL literacy programs 1995 This Digest discusses outreach methods; it examines learners' reasons for enrolling in ESL classes and for leaving the c...
Philosophies and approaches in adult ESL literacy instruction 1995 The digest gives an overview of five approaches currently used in adult English as a second language (ESL) literacy inst...
Program standards for adult ESL 2002 This is a selection of journal articles and documents from the ERIC database on the subject of program standards to prov...
Project-based learning for adult English language learners 1998 This digest provides a rationale for using project-based learning with adult English language learners, describes the pr...
Promising practices to promote retention: results of a case study conducted in the San Diego Centers for Education and Technology, SDCCD 2004 This is a report of a case study of eight adult ESL classes with high retention rates. The consistent themes identified ...
Promoting success of multilevel ESL classes: what teachers and administrators can do April 2006 This brief provides background information on multilevel classes and offers suggestions for teachers on instruction in s...
Reading and the adult English language learner 1999 This Digest reviews reading approaches, identifies characteristics of fluent readers, and makes suggestions for developi...
Reflective teaching practice in adult ESL settings 2001 This digest discusses the reflective teaching process and its implications for adult ESL teachers.
Reforming mathematics instruction for ESL literacy students 1997 This digest describes the modifications in the mathematics curricula necessary to meet the needs of English as a second ...
Refugees as English language learners: issues and concerns 1999 This Digest addresses some of the most commonly asked questions concerning these refugees' ethnic origins and the Englis...
Resource guide: dialogue journal bibliography 1991 A dialog journal is a written conversation in which a student and teacher communicate regularly. This is a bibliography...
Role of libraries in providing services to adults learning English 1990 The digest discusses some of the challenges facing libraries in the area of service to adults learning English as a seco...
Social identity and the adult ESL classroom 1997 This Digest explores how theories of social identity and language learning have developed and discuss ways in which teac...
Supporting adult English language learners' transitions to postsecondary education September 2006 This brief focuses on adult English language learners transitioning from ESL programs to postsecondary education, discu...
Talking adult ESL students into writing; building on oral fluency to promote literacy 1990 The digest addresses the need to reorient the college-level ESL curriculum to serve students with a high degree of oral ...
Teacher's voice: action research in your classroom 1995 The article describes some of the types of research that elementary school foreign language teachers can conduct with th...
Teaching and testing listening comprehension in ESL 1990 Thirteen references on the subject of teaching and testing listening comprehension in ESL.
Teaching grammar to adult English language learners: focus on form Apr 2009 This brief reviews the evolution of grammar instruction for adult English language learners and provides information on ...
Teaching low-level adult ESL learners 1995 The digest provides information on how to identify and assess the instructional needs of adults learning to become liter...
Teaching multilevel adult ESL classes 1995 The digest provides recommends ways to choose and organize content for multilevel classes; it explains grouping strategi...
Teaching pronunciation to adult English language learners July 2009 This brief provides information about evidence-based strategies for teaching pronunciation to adult English language lea...
Teaching strategies for developing literacy skills in non-native speakers of English 1984 This paper was delivered at the National Conference on Adult Literacy in Washington, D.C., January 19-20, 1984. It focu...
Technology in adult ESOL instruction: best practices from California 2003 The paper describes instructional strategies used by adult ESL teachers in California that incorporate computer and vide...
TELL: techniques for effective language learning in English as a second language 1981 A selective collection of 202 exemplary teaching techniques for instructors of adults in English as a Second Lanaguage. ...
Transitioning adult ESL learners to academic programs 1995 The digest examines the differences between academic and adult ESL programs, and it suggests curricular and programmatic...
Trends in staff development for adult ESL learners 1998 The article presents a selection of terms and concepts in the field of teaching adult English as a second language (ESL)...
Understanding adult ESL content standards September 2006 Education standards describe for all stakeholders (program administrators, teachers and other school and district staff,...
Using adult ESL content standards March 2007 This brief begins with historical information about content standards for English language learners who attend English a...
Using computers with adult ESL literacy learners 1990 The digest provides an overview of the ways in which various types of computer software and instructional strategies can...
Using multicultural children's literature in adult ESL classes 1998 Carefully chosen children's books can offer educational benefits for adult English language learners. This Digest provi...
Using software in the adult ESL classroom 1998 This Q & A is an overview of types of ESL software with guidelines for the appropriate use of software in the adult ESL ...
Using the ESL program standards to evaluate and improve adult ESL programs May 2005 "Program quality standards can help program staff and other stakeholders develop, improve, and maintain programs that ar...
Using the radio to teach English as a second language 2001 This document offers a rationale and suggestions for using the AM/FM/shortwave radio as a low-tech way to improve Englis...
Using volunteers as aides in the Adult ESL classroom 1997 This Digest focuses on using volunteers as teacher aides in the adult ESL classroom. It explains the rationale for invo...
Whole language in adult ESL programs 1990 The article defines the popular whole language approach, relates it to teaching English as a second language, and descri...
Whole language use in the English as a second language classroom, instruction guide [1989] The project, conducted by Des Moines Area Community college, Ankenny, Iowa, is directed toward the English language and ...
Working with literacy-level adult English language learners 2003 This Q & A describes literacy-level English language learners and the skills they need to develop. It discusses effectiv...
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OTAN activities are funded by contract CN180031 from the Adult Education Office, in the Career & College Transition Division, California Department of Education, with funds provided through Federal P.L., 105-220, Section 223. However, OTAN content does not necessarily reflect the position of that department or the U.S. Department of Education.