The Five Principles of Adult Learning Pioneered by Malcolm Knowles
Posted on 07/11/2017
In her article on Thought.Co Deb Peterson explains that the teacher of adults has a different job from the one who teaches children. If you're teaching adult students, for the best results it's important to understand and practice five principles espoused by Malcolm Knowles, a pioneer in the study of adult learning. He observed that adults learn best when:
- They understand why something is important to know or do.
- They have the freedom to learn in their own way.
- Learning is experiential.
- The time is right for them to learn.
- The process is positive and encouraging.
Deb Peterson further develops the principles and gives examples:
- PRINCIPLE 1: MAKE SURE YOUR ADULT STUDENTS UNDERSTAND “WHY”
- PRINCIPLE 2: RESPECT THAT YOUR STUDENTS HAVE DIFFERENT LEARNING STYLES
- PRINCIPLE 3: ALLOW YOUR STUDENTS TO EXPERIENCE WHAT THEY’RE LEARNING
- PRINCIPLE 4: WHEN THE STUDENT IS READY, THE TEACHER APPEARS
- PRINCIPLE 5: ENCOURAGE YOUR ADULT STUDENTS
Source: Thought.Co : 5 Principles for the Teacher of Adults